Yurts.kg - Главная
fr

Construction and Erecting

 

To erect a yurt one starts with the door casing – the “bosogo”. The door should face to the South or Southeast. A round trellis wall, (the “kerege”), which consists of several blocks, (or “kanats”), is then set. Each kanat is made out of long wooden poles which are normally made out of timber from birch tree trunks, which are specially bent and tied up with rawhide straps.  The surface of the poles used in the yurt is thoroughly polished by the master who works them to the correct shape and thickness. The wooden surface is treated with a special substance and painted, after which the poles can retain their original flexibility for a long time.

When spread the kanats form a rhombic grid – the “kerege koz”. The cupola beams, or “uuks”, are then installed and the men of the household are then called upon to set in place the “tyunduk” at the top of the yurt. This is perhaps the hardest part of setting a yurt.
The tyunduk is an essential symbol of the Kyrgyz and was chosen as part of the emblem to represent the nation on the national flag. From the outside the yurt is covered by the “chiy”, a sort of felt mat that displays a sophisticated ornament. Finally the nearly finished structure is covered with a specially prepared thick felt “kiyiz”. Usually a yurt is covered by several layers of felt – tuurduk – each layer fixed by strong strings to poles dug into the ground around the yurt.

The tyunduk is partially covered with a felt mat, (called a “jabuu”), which in the daytime and in clear weather is folded back, whilst in the cold or rainy season can shut tightly against the hole in the roof and so preventing wind and rain from penetrating into the interior.

In stormy weather the occupants attach fine lassos to the ceiling. They are often mistaken for decoration, as their ends are large tassels of multicoloured threads hanging down from the tyunduk. However, if necessary, they can be pulled down and attached to the poles in the middle of the yurt – which adds strength to the structure and helps it to withstand even very powerful storms.
In Issyk Kul a pair of horns above the door indicated that the owner held a high tribal position.